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Archive for August, 2010


George Henry Martin,Tyne Cot Cemetery,Aug 10

After celebrating Christmas in nearby St Jean,on 26th December the Northants headed to the front at Passchendaele. As they moved through the snow-covered ground they stood out in the bright moonlit night.

They were soon spotted by the Germans and came under artillery and machine-gun fire.George Martin was in the lead platoon and bravely tried to guide and encourage his men through the hail of bullets and shrapnel. He was soon hit and died later in an Aid Post at Tyne Cot.He is now buried in Tyne Cot Cemetery.

Tyne Cot Cemetery,Aug 10

Looking back from Tyne Cemetery towards Ypres,Aug 10

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Harold Thorne Edwards,New Irish Farm Cemetery,Aug 10

The 8th of May was a very back day for the British. During the fighting for the approaches to Ypres the 1st Suffolks,2nd Cheshires,Canadian PPCLI and 12th Londons had all practically been annihilated.

As the Monmouths defended their positions near Wieltje,and taking 460 casualties in the process, they became surrounded by the Germans. They called on the few remaining Welshmen to surrender and Captain Harold Thorne Edwards shouted back “Surrender? Surrender? Surrender be damned!!”. He died fighting to the end and is now buried in New Irish Farm Cemetery.

New Irish Farm Cemetery,Aug 10

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Brandhoek New Military Cemetery No3, Aug 10

During the First World War, Brandhoek was within the area comparatively safe from shell fire which extended beyond Vlamertinghe Church. Field ambulances were posted there continuously. Until July 1917 burials had been made in the Military Cemetery, but the arrival of the 32nd, 3rd Australian and 44th Casualty Clearing Stations, in preparation for the new Allied offensive launched that month, made it necessary to open the New Military Cemetery. The New Military Cemetery No 3 opened in August and continued in use until May 1918. Brandhoek New Military Cemetery No 3 contains 975 First World War burials. The cemetery was designed by Sir Reginald Blomfield

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Brandhoek New Military Cemetery,Aug 10

During the First World War, Brandhoek was within the area comparatively safe from shell fire, which extended beyond Vlamertinghe Church. Field ambulances were posted there continuously. Until July 1917 burials had been made in the Military Cemetery, but the arrival of the 32nd, 3rd Australian and 44th Casualty Clearing Stations in preparation for the new Allied offensive launched that month made it necessary to open the New Military Cemetery, followed in August by the New Military Cemetery No 3. Brandhoek New Military Cemetery contains 530 Commonwealth burials of the First World War and 28 German war graves. The burials are of July and August 1917 and among them is the grave of Captain Noel Chavasse, VC and Bar, MC, one of only three men who have won the Victoria Cross twice. The cemetery was designed by Sir Reginald Blomfield.

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Brandhoek Military Cemetery,Aug 10

During the First World War, Brandhoek was within the area comparatively safe from shell fire which extended beyond Vlamertinghe Church. Field ambulances were posted there continuously and the Military Cemetery was opened early in May 1915 in a field adjoining the dressing station. It closed in July 1917 when the New Military Cemetery was opened nearby, to be followed by the New Military Cemetery No 3 in August 1917. Brandhoek Military Cemetery now contains 669 First World War burials. The cemetery was designed by Sir Reginald Blomfield

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Lt Col James Clark,Brandhoek Military Cemetery,KIA 10 May 1915

During the 10th of May 1915 it became apparent that the German attacks near Hooge were placing the Cameron Highlanders in Sanctuary Wood in severe peril.To support them it was decided to send the 9th Argylls. As they moved to the wood they were observed by Sgt (later Lt Col) RWF Johnstone:

“On my second morning,I saw to my left rear a counter-attck from Zouave Wood to the Menin Road across the open glade between the two woods.It was made by kilted soldiers ¬†– the sun was reflected on their bayonets and shells fell amongst them as they rushed across the open field.Later we heard that they were the 9th Argylls of our brigade,trying to recover the stables at Hooge Chateau.They succeeded but lost two-thirds of the battalion and their CO,Col Clark,an Edinburgh advocate.”

James Clark is buried in Brandhoek Military Cemetery.

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Harold Campbell

From Wellington in New South Wales, Harold Campbell was an early volunteer for the war.He had served in Gallipoli,Pozieres,Mouquet Farm and by the time of his death was fighting at Passchendaele.His brother describes his death : “I last saw him on September 27th,after which we both moved into the same battle,and I learned that he had died a glorious death on the night of the 7th.The same shell caused the death of his captain and 7 men and also wounded 8 men.The day before,Harold was recommended for conspicuous bravery. He carried a wounded officer to first aid under a heavy bombardment.An officer told me today that he was the gamest man he ever saw in battle.He is buried on the battlefield side by side with his captain (Captain Moore).A temporary cross already marks his resting place.An officer(the only one left in his company) solemnly promised me that he would erect a suitably inscribed cross in a few days.I have also been given a map whereon is marked the exact situation of his grave.Ive got all his personal effects,his pocket wallet,books etc and also his watch.And now,Dear Father,I implore you all to be bear up and be brave.I ask you to remember that Harold died fighting for his country.He died a soldier and a gentleman.How could a man die better.To bear up and be brave is your clear duty to the memory of a great man.”

Although after the war the grave was found,and Captain Moore’s body identified,Harold’s remains were never found.He is listed on Panel 7-17-23-25-27-29-31 of The Menin Gate Memorial. Captain Moore is buried in Aeroplane Cemetery alongside 3 Unknown soldiers,one of whom is very probably Harold Campbell.

Menin Gate Memorial,May 10

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